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Kathmandu Heritage Tour

Description

Kathmandu (/ˌkætmænˈduː/;[2] Nepali: काठमाडौं, Nepal Bhasa: ये: Yei, Nepali pronunciation: [kaʈʰmaɳɖu]) is the capital city of Nepal. It is the largest metropolis in Nepal, with a population of 1.5 million in the city proper, and 3 million in its urban agglomeration across the Kathmandu Valley, which includes the towns of Lalitpur, Kirtipur, Madhyapur Thimi, Bhaktapur making the total population to roughly 5 million people and the municipalities across Kathmandu valley. Kathmandu is also the largest metropolis in the Himalayan hill region. Nepali is the most spoken language in the city, while English is understood by the city’s educated residents.

The city stands at an elevation of approximately 1,400 metres (4,600 feet) above sea level in the bowl-shaped Kathmandu Valley of central Nepal. The valley is historically termed as “Nepal Mandala” and has been the home of Newar culture, a cosmopolitan urban civilisation in the Himalayan foothills. The city was the royal capital of the Kingdom of Nepal and hosts palaces, mansions and gardens of the Nepalese aristocracy. It has been home to the headquarters of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) since 1985. Today, it is the seat of government of the Nepalese republic established in 2008; and is part of the Province No. 3 in Nepalese administrative geography.

Kathmandu is and has been for many years the centre of Nepal’s history, art, culture and economy. It has a multiethnic population within a Hindu and Buddhist majority. It is also the home of the Newars. Religious and cultural festivities form a major part of the lives of people residing in Kathmandu.

Itenary Glance

Day 1: Arrival at Kathmandu Airport.

Day 2: Full Day Sightseeing of Dakshinkali, Pharping, Kirtipur and Chobhar.

Day 3: Visit Patan in the morning.

Day 4: Departure to Tribhuwan International Airport to board the onward flight.

Detailed Itenary

Day 1: Arrival at Kathmandu Airport.

Evening: Visit Swayambhunath.

Swayambhu Stupa watches over the Valley from the top of a hillock on its western side just three kilometers west of the city center. The stupa is one of the holiest Buddhist sites in Nepal and its establishment is linked to the creation of the Kathmandu Valley out of a primordial lake. Swayambhu is also known as Samhengu and is listed as a World Heritage Site.

Day 2: Full Day Sightseeing of Dakshinkali, Pharping, Kirtipur and Chobhar.

Dakshinkali: Four kilometers further south of Pharping on the valley rim is the temple of Dakshinkali dedicated to the Hindu goddess Kali. The shrine is especially crowded on Tuesdays and Saturdays when animal sacrifices are offered to the deity. On the way lies Chobhar gorge.

Pharping: Lying 18 km south of Kathmandu on the valley rim, Pharping is perched on a hilltop with a Buddhist monastery. Pharping’s main attraction is an elaborate 17th-century temple which houses a glided image of Goddess Bajra Jogini.

Kirtipur: It is situated on a ridge 8 km southwest of Kathmandu. The ancient Newar township – with its brick-paved streets lined with typical red brick houses and tiled roofs, and temple squares – is a natural fortress. The Chilamchu stupa and the temple of Bagh Bhairav are major attractions here. Tribhuvan University, Nepal’s premier seat of education is located at the foothills of Kirtpur.

Day 3: Visit Patan in the morning.

Patan Durbar Square is located in the heart of the city and was once the palace of the kings of Patan. The square is an enchanting mélange of palace buildings, artistic courtyards and graceful pagoda temples – a display of Newari architecture that had reached its pinnacle during the reign of the Malla kings.
Evening: Visit Khokhana and Bungamati.

Bungamati is the hometown of the deity Macchindranath, regarded as the patron of the valley and his large sikhara-style temple in the center of the village square is his home for six months of the year; he spends the rest of his time in Patan. The process of moving him back and forth between Patan and Bungamati is one of the most important annual festivals in the valley.

Day 4: Departure to Tribhuwan International Airport to board the onward flight.